Dizziness is the sensation of being off balance and unsteady, often accompanied by the perception of spinning. It can be caused by a number of factors, including illness, medications, and environmental factors. If you’re frequently dizzy, it could be a sign of a more serious problem. In this article, we explore the causes of dizziness, as well as its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
What is Dizziness?
Dizziness occurs when your brain is not receiving the correct sensory signals. These signals may be coming from organs in your body, or from your eyes and ears. Dizziness can be caused by a number of factors, including illness, medications, or environmental factors.
Causes of Dizziness
There are several possible causes of dizziness, each with its own set of symptoms. The following is a list of some common causes:
- Aging : One of the most common causes of dizziness is simply aging. As we age, our balance system becomes less responsive and more reactive. This can cause unsteadiness when walking and even make it difficult to stand up from a seated position.
- Medication: Certain drugs have been linked to dizziness as a side effect, including antibiotics like doxycycline, diabetes medications like metformin, and antidepressants like amitriptyline.
- Nausea: Nausea can result in dizziness by making it hard for you to focus on anything but your stomach. If you’re suffering from severe morning sickness or motion sickness, this may be the cause.
- Pregnancy: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause you to become dizzy because your body is trying to adjust to new balancing systems like blood pressure and heart rate. In addition, an increase in blood volume throughout your body could reduce your blood flow to the brain that would result in dizziness.
- Illness: If you’ve recently had viral or bacterial infection you might notice that you are more easily susceptible to feeling off balance and unsteady than normal.
Symptoms of Dizziness
Dizziness is a common symptom of many conditions. The main symptom is the feeling of being out of balance, or unsteady. There are many triggers for dizziness, including environmental factors such as lighting and noise, medications, and underlying medical conditions. Similarly, vertigo can have similar symptoms to chronic motion sickness and can be caused by a vestibular disorder like Ménière’s disease.
Treatments for Dizziness
There are a number of treatment options for dizziness, including lifestyle changes and medications.
Lifestyle changes can include modifying your diet or exercise habits, or using stress management techniques like guided meditation or yoga to help you better manage your symptoms. Medications can also help reduce the frequency and intensity of your dizzy spells.
If you find that your lifestyle changes aren’t working, it might be time to talk with a dizziness specialist about one of these medications. One non-drug option is a vestibular rehabilitation program. These programs teach you how to use coping mechanisms that can help lessen the severity and frequency of dizzy spells.
If these treatments don’t work, it may be time to speak with an ENT specialist who specializes in balance disorders. The specialist will most likely perform tests to rule out more serious causes of dizziness.
We hope this article has been helpful in providing information about dizziness, its causes, its symptoms and treatment options. If you are experiencing dizziness, visit your doctor to diagnose the cause and to find the best treatment for you.