How to Select a Heat Pump for Your Home

A heat pump is a vital component of any HVAC system, and it’s important to choose the right one for your home. With so many models and brands on the market, it can be tough to know where to start. This guide will teach you everything you need to know about heat pumps so that you can make an informed decision when it’s time to purchase one for your home.

How Does a Heat Pump Operate?

A Heat pump {Värmepump} is a device that uses a small amount of energy to move heat from one place to another. In the summer, a heat pump moves heat from your home’s interior to the outside, keeping your home cool and comfortable. In the winter, the process is reversed, and the heat pump moves heat from the outside air into your home.

What Are the Different Types of Heat Pumps?

  • Air-source-based heat pumps are the most common type of heat pump. They work by transferring heat between your home and the outdoor air. Air-source-based heat pumps are less expensive than other types of heat pumps, and they can be used in any climate.
  • Ground-source-based heat pumps (also called geothermal or water-furnace) transfer heat between your home and the ground. They are more efficient than air-source-based heat pumps and can be used in any climate. However, they are more expensive to install because they require special equipment to tap into the ground’s thermal energy.
  • Water-source-based heat pumps transfer heat between your home and a water source, such as a river, lake, or well. Like ground-source-based heat pumps, water-source-based heat pumps are more efficient than air-source models but are also more expensive to install. Water-source-based heat pumps are only suitable for homes that have access to a water source.

When selecting a unit, keep the following factors in mind:

  • Size: The size of your heat pump should be based on the size of your home, as well as your heating and cooling needs. An HVAC contractor can help you determine the right size for your home.
  • Efficiency: All types of heat pumps are much more efficient as compared to traditional heating and cooling systems. However, some models are more efficient than others. When shopping for a unit, look for one with a high Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). The higher the SEER rating, the more efficient the unit will be. Ground-source and water-sourced units tend to be the most efficient on the market.
  • Climate: The type of climate you live in will dictate what type of heat pump is best for your home. If you live in an area with mild winters and hot summers, an air source unit will likely suffice. However, if you experience extreme temperatures—either hot or cold—you may want to consider a ground – or water-source unit. These units perform better in extreme climates than air-source units.

The end line.

Shopping for a new heat pump can be daunting, but armed with knowledge about how these devices work and what factors to consider when making a purchase, you can confidently select the model that’s right for both your home and your budget. Be sure to consult with an HVAC contractor before making your final decision — they will be able to help ensure that you get exactly what you need.